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Mala vedan


This socio-cultural overview provides valuable insights into the Mala Vedan community, a distinct group mainly found in Pathanamthitta, Kottayam, and Kollam Districts, with smaller representations in other districts like Idukki. The Mala Vedans are considered to belong to the 'Pre-Dravidian Race' and have a unique cultural heritage and way of life.

Geographic Distribution

The Mala Vedan community is primarily concentrated in Naranammuzhi Grama Panchayat in Pathanamthitta District, and Piravanthur, Thenmala in Kollam District, and Pramadom, Erumeli, and Manimala in Kottayam District. While they have a presence in other districts, their population is relatively smaller in these areas.


Language and Social Organization

Mala Vedans speak a dialect that is a blend of Tamil and Malayalam. Within their social structure, they are divided into five endogamous sub-divisions: 'Tolvedans,' 'Cheenkannivedans,' 'Cheruvedans,' 'Elichathvedans,' and 'Valiyavedans.' Traditionally, the headman of the community also serves as the medicine man, responsible for their well-being.


Historically, Mala Vedans were primarily engaged in food gathering and hunting. However, over time, they have transitioned to manual labor as their main source of income. Both men and women in the community are skilled in collecting medicinal herbs, showcasing their deep knowledge of traditional healing practices.

Challenges and Rehabilitation

The Mala Vedan community has faced challenges related to the loss of traditional resources, leading to a heavy dependence on external support for their livelihoods. To uplift the community, an integrated rehabilitation approach, coupled with targeted extension work, is crucial to foster the development of future generations oriented towards progress and self-sufficiency.

In conclusion, this socio-cultural overview sheds light on the unique identity and cultural practices of the Mala Vedan community in Pathanamthitta, Kottayam, Kollam, and Idukki Districts. As they adapt to changing times and strive for socio-economic progress, efforts must be made to preserve and support their cultural heritage while providing avenues for sustainable livelihoods. By recognizing and empowering the Mala Vedan community, they can be active contributors to the overall development and diversity of Kerala's social fabric.

Mala vedan
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